Rhd | Anatomy2Medicine


    • Acute rheumatic fever
      • immunologically mediated systemic inflammatory disease
      • typically occur 1–6 weeks following group A streptococcal pharyngitis. .(MCQ)
      • pathologic lesion is the Aschoff body, .(MCQ)
        • a lesion of lymphocytes and macrophages surrounding bundles of collagen.
      • Other manifestations of acute rheumatic carditis include


  • Myocarditis
  • Pericarditis


        • valve vegetations.
      • Acute rheumatic valvulitis leads to


  • thickening, fibrosis


        • fusion of the mitral or aortic valve’s chordae tendineae.


  • Mitral stenosis


        • almost always caused by rheumatic disease


  • long-standing mitral stenosis can lead to atrial fibrillation and pulmonary hypertension.(MCQ)