blog | Anatomy2Medicine - Part 4
autonomic nervous system

Autonomic Nervous system

The Autonomic Nervous System (ANS) is a general visceral efferent (GVE) motor system controls and regulates smooth muscle, cardiac muscle, and glands. has three division   the sympathetic the parasympathetic enteric.   consists of two types of projection neurons preganglionic neurons postganglionic neurons sympathetic ganglia have interneurons output that is influenced by the hypothalamus. Divisions […]

auditory system

Auditory System

Auditory System   The Auditory System   is an exteroceptive special somatic afferent (SSA) system. detects sound frequencies from 20 Hz to 20,000 Hz. ordinary conversation ranges between 300 and 3000 Hz. functions over an intensity range of 120 decibels (dB) it can discriminate changes in intensity between 1 dB and 2 dB. is characterized […]


vocal cord muscles nerves

Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve Innervates all of the intrinsic muscles of the larynx except the cricothyroid   cricothyroid is innervated by the external laryngeal branch of the superior laryngeal branch of the vagus nerve.   Supplies sensory innervation below the vocal cord. Has a terminal portion above the lower border of the cricoid cartilage called the […]

Coronary circulation

Coronary circulation

Coronary Arteries Arise from the ascending aorta filled with blood during the ventricular diastole. Have maximal blood flow during diastole minimal blood flow during systole because of compression of the arterial branches in the myocardium during systole. Right Coronary Artery Arises from the anterior (right) aortic sinus of the ascending aorta runs between the root […]

Ulnar Nerve

Ulnar Nerve

  Cutaneous nerves of the upper limb   Supraclavicular Nerve arises from the cervical plexus (C3, C4) innervates the skin over the upper pectoral, deltoid, and outer trapezius areas. Medial Brachial Cutaneous Nerve Arises from the medial cord of the brachial plexus   innervates the medial side of the arm.   Medial Antebrachial Cutaneous Nerve […]

Carotid Artery,

Carotid Artery

Is a branch of the brachiocephalic trunk on the right arises directly from the arch of the aorta on the left. Is divided into three parts by the anterior scalene muscle   the first part passes from the origin of the vessel to the medial margin of the anterior scalene   the second part lies […]

median nerve,median nerve pain, median nerve compression, median nerve test, median nerve branches, what does the median nerve innervate, median nerve injury, median nerve damage recovery, median nerve dermatome

median nerve

Median Nerve (C5–T1) Median nerve arises from the medial & lateral cords of the brachial plexus It is also known as labourer’s nerve (MCQ) Runs down the anteromedial aspect of the arm at the elbow, it lies medial to the brachial artery on the brachialis muscle it has no muscular branches in the arm Passes […]


Personality disorders

  Personality disorders   People with personality disorders deny their problems and refuse psychiatric help   Personality disorder symptoms are alloplastic   Alloplastic can adapt to, and alter, the external environment. Symptoms are ego-syntonic i.e. acceptable to the ego People with personality disorders do not feel anxiety about their maladaptive behaviour.   Personality disorders   […]

Psychiatric treatment

Psychiatric treatment

Moclobemide is antidepressant that is the reversible inhibitor of monoamine oxidase type A (RIMA) The therapeutic index, which is a relative measure of a drug’s toxicity or safety, is defined as TD50/ED50 Adverse effects caused by blockade of muscarinic acetylcholine receptors Blurred vision Constipation Delirium Impaired ejaculation secondary to serotonergic drug use may be treated […]


Eating Disorders Impulse Control Disorders

  Impulse control disorders, Kleptomania Pyromania Trichotillomania       Impulsion.   Blind obedience to internal drives, without regards for acceptance by others or pressure from the super ego commonly seen in children and adults with weak psychic organization. Dipsomania. binge pattern of Alcoholism (Not an impulse disorder) Kleptomania. Compulsive stealing; the objects taken usually […]