blog | Anatomy2Medicine - Part 2


  Tracts of the Spinal Cord   consist of fiber bundles that have a common origin and a common termination are somatotopically organized. are divided into ascending and descending pathways.   Ascending Spinal Tracts represent functional pathways that convey sensory information from soma or viscera to higher levels of the neuraxis.   usually consist of […]



Thalamus is the largest division of the diencephalon.   receives precortical input from all sensory systems except the olfactory system.   receives its largest input from the cerebral cortex.   projects primarily to the cerebral cortex and to a lesser degree to the basal ganglia and hypothalamus.   plays an important role in sensory and […]

Spinal cord

Spinal cord

  Spinal Cord   weighs about 30 g, comprising 2% of the weight of the adult brain.   averages, in length, 45 cm in males and 42 cm in females. extends, in adults, from the foramen magnum to the lower border of the first lumbar vertebra (MCQ)   extends in newborns, it extends to the […]

Olfactory Gustatory and Limbic system

Olfactory Gustatory and Limbic system

mediates the special visceral afferent (SVA) modality of smell via the olfactory nerve (CN I). is the only sensory system that has no precortical relay in the thalamus. projects to the thalamus, hypothalamus, amygdala, and hippocampal formation. Olfactory pathway   Olfactory receptor cells   are chemoreceptors. number 25 million on each side. are replaced throughout […]

Meninges and CSF

Meninges and CSF

Meninges include pia mater and the arachnoid (together known as the leptomeninges)   dura mater (pachymeninx).   Pia mater is a delicate, highly vascular layer of connective tissue.   closely covers the surface of the brain and spinal cord. Denticulate ligaments   consist of two lateral flattened bands of pial tissue. adhere to the spinal […]

Pathology medicine notes for MBBS students for aspirants who preparing for NEET PG, DNB CET, AIIMS and other medical exams. This is also a free pdf material download 2018. And here you Lower Limb VesselsBLOOD VESSELS OF THE LOWER LIMB disorders study material s of medical md entrance exams.


Arteries of the lower limb Superior Gluteal Artery Arises from the internal iliac artery enters the buttock through the greater sciatic foramen above the piriformis muscle Anastomoses with the lateral and medial circumflex and inferior gluteal arteries. Inferior Gluteal Artery Arises from the internal iliac artery   enters the buttock through the greater sciatic foramen […]

nerve supply of lower limb

Lower limb Nerves

Cutaneous nerves of the lower limb Lateral Femoral Cutaneous Nerve Arises from the lumbar plexus (L2–L3), Innervates the skin on the anterior and lateral aspects of the thigh as far as the knee. Posterior Femoral Cutaneous Nerve Arises from the sacral plexus (S1–S3), passes through the greater sciatic foramen Innervates the skin of the buttock, […]

Lower Limb Muscles

Lower Limb Muscles

MUSCLES OF THE GLUTEAL REGION Sacrotuberous Ligament   Extends from the ischial tuberosity to the posterior iliac spines, lower sacrum, and coccyx. Converts, with the sacrospinous ligament, the lesser sciatic notch into the lesser sciatic foramen.   Sacrospinous Ligament Extends from the ischial spine to the lower sacrum and coccyx. Converts the greater sciatic notch […]

lower limb joints table

Lower limb Joints and Ligaments

Hip (coxal) joint Is a multiaxial ball-and-socket synovial joint Is stabilized by the acetabular labrum; the fibrous capsule; and capsular ligaments such as the iliofemoral, ischiofemoral, and pubofemoral ligaments. Has a cavity that is deepened by the fibrocartilaginous acetabular labrum transverse acetabular ligament bridges and converts the acetabular notch into a foramen for passage of […]

joints of lower limb

Lower Limb Bones and Joints

  Hip (coxal) bone   Is formed by the fusion of the ilium, pubis, and ischium in the acetabulum. Articulates with the sacrum at the sacroiliac joint to form the pelvic girdle. Ilium Pubis obturator foramen is formed by fusion of the ischium and pubis Ischium   Has the ischial spine, ischial tuberosity, and lesser […]